Climate change and adaptation strategies for winter tourism

post by : fanny.montavon



Climate change and adaptation strategies for winter tourism

Fanny Montavon, Robin Wenger HES SO Valais – Tourism – Class 701_e – 2018

The major impacts of the global warming over the last century:

The global surface temperature has increased between 1.1 and 1.6°F, Ice is melting especially the earth’s pole and mountain glaciers, many species have been impacted, the sea water has risen by 3°F and finally there has been a shift of precipitation pattern and a rise of sea level.

The effects that could take place in the near future:

A rise of sea level between 18-59 cm by the end of this century predicted by scientists, some natural disasters are likely to become more common, health of people (especially elderly) by the fact of heat waves and the Arctic ocean which is expected to become essentially ice-free.

Consequences on ski industry:

Less snow, glaciers are melting (detrimental for skiing in summer), more extreme conditions due to a dysregulation of the earth and the fact of permafrost (risk of landslides).

Adaptation strategies have to be taken into account in order to maintain winter tourism and make the ski industry survive. A few ideas are presented according to the following mind-map. Although this model was established a few years ago (2003), most of the points mentioned are still relevant nowadays. It has become clear that it is our role to develop strategies that are sustainable for the future and focused on the environment as the main reason of these climate changes are caused by us humans. These changes can ben seen positively as it represents a new challenge for winter tourism.

If we take into consideration the strategy of artificial snow-making, the main way for the ski industry to survive. However, this artificial resource is limited not only because of the quantity of water which needs to be provided, but also because the process in itself needs certain temperature and meteorological conditions (wet bulb humidity, temperature and wind). This strategy remains important as it is still to make snow in ambient air or just above the freezing temperature of water.

Development of higher terrains means obviously that as the temperature continue to rise in the future, we have to go higher to find fresher temperatures. Thus, the small resorts of low altitude are threatened and have to develop their all-year round tourism supply by diversifying tourism products (snowshoeing, pedestrian ways, thermal baths, spa) and being less dependent on snow.

Cooperation is also a really important topic. In order to survive, it is important to flesh out those means at different scales: the different actors within the resorts such as hotels, restaurants, activities suppliers and infrastructure, to a larger scale: resorts cooperating on different aspect to reduce the bad impacts of competitiveness.
Hotel can for example provide packages with the tourism activity providers, others offers can be elaborated in order to benefit different tourism actors (even the smaller ones) by offering packages. The alliance of different ski areas by providing special packs and other kinds of tickets is also a good way to enhance co-operations, an example of this would be the Magic Pass.

In order to put in place all of these measures in place, it is important to receive funds. Some resorts may have the chance to receive funds from private investors, but most of them are supported by the federal state.  

Other interesting means taken by the ski resorts to achieve sustainability such as public transports (Jura Pass, etc). Finally, it is important to raise awareness of user of the ski resorts, by taking measures to show them that the mountain is scarce and that it is important to have respect towards. Skiers have to be aware that the actual ski conditions will probably not last as we tend to have less snow.

Sources mentionned on the PowerPoint.

 

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How to renew the Mountain Offer?

post by : nicole.reber



We all know for a fact that the climate change is a main concern nowadays. Unfortunately, the whole world suffers from it but the mountain regions are mainly touched by this phenomenon. If there is no snow, it is difficult to attract tourists because this is the main attraction in Switzerland. Therefore, people working in that domain need to innovate and find new ideas that could appeal to tourists.

 

Firstly, there are activities like the trail running that can be practiced as much in winter than in summer. In the Valais region, competitions and races like the “Verbier St-Bernard” or the “Ultra-Trail” of the Mont-Blanc exist.

Secondly, cycling is a very important activity in our region thanks to the perfect scenery for practicing it. It is therefore a product that is put forward in Valais. Furthermore, thanks to the equipment we have for the bicycles, it is also feasible to practice this sport in winter.

Thirdly, a very old and known activity is being developed and modernized; hiking. It is being changed by creating “wellness hiking” or “afghan hiking”. The first one is a very nice barefoot walk which is composed of fourteen “stops” that make you discover shiatsu relaxing techniques. You can auto-massage your body by putting pressure on some precise energy spots. The second hiking type is a method that lets you combine your respiratory rhythm and your pace.

 

To conclude, these activities are slowly becoming more and more important for the ski stations because snow is becoming less and less frequent. Developing basic activities, we all know into new experiences and products is a ver good opportunity for ski resorts.

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