post by : Grothe Noa
Crang, M. (2004). Cultural geographies of tourism. A companion to tourism, 5, 74.
Tourism is seen as a destructive force, but also as a productive and transformative process. It is a reflexive process form which all can learn from. It brings culture back to life. The encouragement of cultural activities has created cultural renewal: people want to become modern as well as stay in touch with their roots. Tourism culture takes different forms, such as the masculine endeavor: the discovery of wild Canada is associated with masculine achievement. Or else people search for natural scenery. The Niagara Falls have been associated to honeymoons. Tourism culture is also about texts written by tourists on their journey. A semiotic analysis of these materials can tell us something of how a place is being shaped, by examining who or what is depicted. Sacralization of some places depend on texts and stories that circulate elsewhere or around the site so that our sense of having visited somewhere special is premised upon other signs and texts. Markers create the sites and destinations are shaped for tourist in a special way.
Destination also have to do with practice done by tourists, like for instance the evolution of beach resort. Tourism is a set of skills and competence, and most definitely not something innate or natural. For some the aim of effects of travel is not just experience a destination but to change our “self” as part of a more or less explicit project of “self-creation”. Travel is a way to be ourselves: it can be done through a gap-year, as means to “find ourselves” and “who we are”. We bring our backgrounds and desires, but also impacts on our sense of self. Different holidays have different values according to people doing it.To conclude, Crang says that places are made, done, and performed and through making, doing and performing, the tourists become, well, tourists. In other words, places and tourists are processual. Identities are formed through process of identification and self-realization. Tourism of geography is not a set of fixed boundaries, but rather about a set of practices that constitute notions of “over there” and “over here”.
A COMPANION TO TOURISM .pdf
Grothe, Noa - 702_e (2015)
- M. Crang, M. (2009). Cultural geographies of tourism. In Lew, A., Hall, C. M. & Williams, A. M. (eds.) A Companion to Tourism..(pp. 74-84). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
post by : Houle Thomas
Sigala, M. (2014). Collaborative commerce in tourism: implications for research and industry. Current Issues in Tourism, (ahead-of-print), 1-10.
Nowadays, through social media and the easy access to internet people are interacting more and more amongst them. Not only to communicate but to sell, buy, compare, share, trade, exchange their own goods or services! This connection of people making business together called collaborative commerce is becoming really trendy! Airbnb.com, homeexchange.com, kitchensurfing.com are all examples of trade made by consumer to consumer (C2C) and with its evolution, collaborative commerce tend to become a consequent competitor for tourism industry! The exclusivity and authenticity of those experiences is something we can’t buy therefore is really difficult to compete for tourism suppliers! This kind of social commerce is remolding the transactions behaviors and the marketplace. Indeed trades and transactions are often made without the use of money but with exchange of goods or services or even virtual money such as Bitcoin. This alternative offers great social values and a sustainable aspect where instead of buying new goods and services, people share them amongst them and save money by giving of their time and knowledge which is sometimes more valuable than money! Even if this new emerging business is growing, conventional tourism still has the advantages to provide safety, quality and warranty that is sometimes not the case in collaborative commerce where we can be surprised or really disappointed somehow. Traditional tourism firms have to be innovative to compete against those people trading their own goods. It’s not possible to offer the same homely feelings but they have to imitate or create a substitute where people could do the same transactions and experiences.More researches in this new wave would be significant in order to understand more how it works and how could tourism suppliers adapt themselves or how could they compete by providing similar or better offers.
post by : Rey-bellet Félicien
En 2014, la séparation entre vie professionnelle et personnelle est de moins en moins
évidente. C’est l’occasion pour le tourisme d’affaire de s’adapter aux nouveaux voyageurs
sous une forme innovante: le bleisure. Sous l’impulsion de la génération Y, cette nouvelle
forme de tourisme allie voyages professionnels et loisirs. Ce nouvel élément permet un
élargissement et une adaptation de l’offre touristique dans les villes principalement. Certaines,
comme Genève en Suisse, ont pris les devants et se sont d’ores et déjà adaptées à la nouvelle
clientèle du bleisure.